Yoga is the science of Human development. It is overall development of physical, mental, and emotional. Yoga depends on certain techniques and methods that would enable man to have union with Self (the divine).
Yog word is arrived from the Sanskrit word yuj, Yog means union of the individual consciousness or soul with the Universal Consciousness or Spirit. Most of the people think yoga is only as a physical exercise where people twist, turn, stretch, and breathe in the most complex ways, these are actually only the most superficial aspect of this profound science of unfolding the infinite potentials of the human mind and soul. The science of Yog imbibes the complete essence of the Way of Life.
As per guru Shree Shree Ravishankar “Yog is not just exercise and asanas. It is the emotional integration and spiritual elevation with a touch of mystic element, which gives you a glimpse of something beyond all imagination.”
As per swami Ghannanand “Yoga is a science. It is applied psychology. Not only is it the means to achieve the purpose of life, but it enables one to do anything one wants, even in this world, with great energy and with great benefit to other people.”
It is more than 10,000 years old. The earliest mention of the contemplative tradition is found in the oldest surviving literature Rig Veda, in Nasadiya Sukta. It dates back to the Indus-Saraswati civilization. The Pashupati seal from the selfsame civilization shows a figure sitting in a yogic posture, further corroborating its prevalence in those ancient times.
However, the earliest mention of the practices that later became part of yog are found in the oldest Upanishad, Brihadaranyaka. The practice of Pranayama finds a mention in one of its hymn and Pratyahara in Chandogya Upanishad.
The first appearance of the word “yoga” with the same meaning as we know today, perhaps happens for the first time in Kato Upanishad, a mukhya or important Upanishad, embedded in the last eight sections of the Katha school of Yajurveda. Yog here is seen as a process of inner journey or ascent of consciousness.
Yog is discussed in the ancient foundational Sutra of Hindu philosophy and is perhaps most elaborately mentioned in Patanjali Yogasutra.
The famous dialogue, Yoga Yajnavalkya, (found in Brihadaranyaka Upanishad), between Sage Yajnavalkya and the learned Brahmvadin Gargi mentions asanas, numerous breathing exercises for cleansing the body and meditation. Gargi has also spoken about Yogasanas in Chandogya Upanishad.
Yoga as a concept slowly emerged and has an elaborate mention in Bhagavad Gita and in Shanti Parva of Mahabharata.
There are more than 20 Upanishads and Yog Vasishtha, which predate Mahabharata and Bhagavad Gita, where Yog is stated to be the union of mind with the Supreme Consciousness.
As per Swami Vivekanand there are four types of Yoga-
We will know more about all 4 types of Yoga and how they affect our life and health in later chapter. So keep in touch.
Happy learning and
Best Wishes for healthy life
How to waight Loss by yoga and live a healthy and happy life? As per Yog guru B.K.S. Iyengar said “my body is my temple and asanas are my prayers” This is a body practice and has various styles. It is a great method to bring healthy life and waight loss and body back into...